Why is europe closing nuclear power plants?

Germany is taking steps to shut down its remaining three nuclear power plants this year amid concerns over technology safety. As Europe struggles to curb carbon emissions, Germany and France disagree on whether nuclear energy is clean.

Why is europe closing nuclear power plants?

Germany is taking steps to shut down its remaining three nuclear power plants this year amid concerns over technology safety. As Europe struggles to curb carbon emissions, Germany and France disagree on whether nuclear energy is clean. German public opinion has forced the closure of nuclear power plants as France moves forward. It covers all civil nuclear activities in the European Union and aims to provide a common market for nuclear materials, ensure the supply of nuclear fuel and ensure that nuclear materials do not deviate from their intended purpose.

The EC recommended that the Euratom Supply Agency be responsible for ensuring a diverse supply of nuclear fuel, both for the current fleet of EU nuclear power plants and those nearing construction. Cooperation within Europe and between Europe and third countries operates at several different levels. It was formed in 1999 and has played an important role in coordinating safety standards across Europe, including significant participation in Eastern Europe. Nuclear safety covers measures taken to prevent nuclear and radiation accidents or to limit their consequences.

Prime Minister Naoto Kan, who was once a nuclear advocate, became increasingly anti-nuclear in the wake of the Fukushima nuclear disaster The UK Government is also in talks with EDF Energy for a new nuclear power plant at the Sizewell C nuclear power plant, and is also considering providing assistance in a variety of options at the Wylfa Nuclear Power Plant, the Moorside Nuclear Power Plant and the Bradwell B Nuclear Power Plant, which means a strong will to preserve much of the nuclear energy in its energy mix as an effort to achieve greater decarbonization. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's government, re-elected on a nuclear power restart platform, plans for nuclear power to account for 20 to 22 percent of the country's total electricity supply by 2030, compared to approximately 30 percent before the disaster at the Fukushima complex. In addition, countries such as Canada, which decided to renew its existing CANDU reactors, including Bruce Nuclear Generating Station, the most powerful single-site nuclear power plant outside of Asia, have increased the capacity of existing reactors by optimizing efficiency. However, continuing concerns following the Chernobyl accident over two types of Russian nuclear reactors in Eastern Europe led the EU to demand their closure as part of EU accession negotiations with host countries.

With Europe fighting for alternatives to Russian fossil fuels, Germany's insistence on pursuing a plan to shut down the remaining three nuclear power plants by the end of this year baffles many outside the country. Shutdowns come as Europe faces one of the worst energy crises in its history and when nuclear energy, once again, gains support, as it produces significantly less carbon dioxide. Germany will close three nuclear power plants on Friday, as part of the country's phasing out of nuclear energy. The International Energy Agency considers nuclear energy to be an “essential basis of the energy transition”, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe called last year the elimination of nuclear energy a “setback for efforts to combat climate change”.

The plan's transition fund money will not finance the construction of nuclear power plants, despite the fact that nuclear energy provides 50% of the EU's low-carbon electricity. The environmental impact of nuclear energy is the result of the nuclear fuel cycle, operation and effects of nuclear accidents. .

Nanette Thrun
Nanette Thrun

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