In recent decades, no country has openly threatened a nuclear attack. However, if Russia were to use an atomic bomb in Europe, the consequences could be devastating. Russia has the “Father of All Bombs” (FOAB), which could potentially destroy the entire world. This is why Putin has repeatedly threatened Ukraine.
The Poseidon missile, rumored to have a cobalt metal coating, could vaporize and condense hundreds or thousands of miles from the explosion site, according to Stephen Schwartz, an expert in nuclear history. MK, ru quoted a professor as saying that the Poseidon could be used to threaten Europe. The US nuclear weapons have been designed primarily to fire and destroy Russian nuclear weapons found in their silos, rather than targeting cities and ending human life. If Russia decides to launch a nuclear attack against Ukraine or any other country that intervenes to support the Ukrainian government, it is more likely to use tactical nuclear weapons on the battlefield than large strategic warheads that the United States could interpret as a direct attack on NATO, according to Alexander Bollfrass of the ETH Zurich Center for Security Studies.
A nuclear war would produce enormous quantities of ozone-consuming chemicals, and studies suggest that even modest nuclear exchange would lead to unprecedented increases in ultraviolet exposure. The debate about the national and global effects of nuclear war continues, and it is unlikely that issues will be conclusively decided without the unfortunate experiment of real nuclear war. Since the end of World War II, the United States and Russia have struggled to match and excel in a nuclear arms race that resulted in both countries commanding fleets of nuclear bombers, submarines and intercontinental missile silos, all scattered throughout each country. The threat of nuclear conflict puts the entire world on alert and sets the clock back 60 years, when the Soviet Union threatened to start a nuclear war by arming Cuba with ballistic missiles.
A nuclear weapon that explodes at a high altitude does not produce any of the explosion or local rain effects just described. The destructive effects of explosions extend miles from the point of detonation of a typical nuclear weapon, and the lethal consequences can cover communities hundreds of miles downwind of a single nuclear explosion. Today, Russia has the largest nuclear arsenal in the world with almost 6,000 warheads - almost half of all existing nuclear weapons in the world. A ground explosion produces a crater and significant rainfall but less widespread damage than an air burst.
Direct radiation is produced in the actual detonation of a nuclear weapon and constitutes the most immediate effect on the surrounding environment. The rain that occurs in a nuclear explosion depends on the type of weapon, its explosive performance and where it is detonated.Putin has warned of Russia's nuclear power during the war in Ukraine, alerting its atomic forces and making its military carry out risky attacks on nuclear power plants. In addition to premeditated attacks, we must take into account the risk of accidents which increases during transport or when fighting near nuclear power plants - such as near Zaporizhzhia where Europe's largest nuclear power plant is located.