The European Commonwealth was a political union of European states that existed before the Great War. In 2052, Europe was heavily dependent on oil imports. Moscow's ultimate goal is to bring to power governments in Europe that are not committed to supporting Ukraine and thus fracture the Western coalition, say Daniel Yergin and Michael Stoppard in The Wall Street Journal. Last month, a right-wing party withdrew from Italy's governing coalition, citing “the terrible choice” Italian families face “to pay the electricity bill or buy food.
But Europe, which obtained 38 percent of its natural gas from Russia before the war, has started importing more from the United States and other sources, and its higher prices act as a magnet. Its winter reserves are now 67 percent full, but Europe's fate this winter will continue to depend on the severity of the weather. Ukraine and Russia accused each other in recent days of bombing the nuclear power plant, which is the largest in Europe, and of increasing the risks of a nuclear accident.